Drawing smooth color by layering is your best option when you’re using colored pencils. But what’s the best way to accomplish that?
Rice submitted today’s question and wants suggestions on this topic. Here’s the question.
I am new to colored pencils. One challenge I have is getting a “clumpy” application of color rather than a smooth, even one. It seems no matter if [I] use a needle sharp pencil or a light touch, it still persists. It’s more of an issue with darker colors it seems. Is this just my inexperience showing? And is there a way to fix an area after the fact?
Drawing smooth color is something a lot of artists struggle with, and it’s not an issue that goes away. It’s so very easy to get careless, tired, or lazy and end up with uneven color. I’ve been drawing for years and still sometimes end up with uneven color.
Drawing Smooth Color with Colored Pencils
Rice mentioned using sharp pencils and they are important. Why? Because the sharper the pencil is, the more it gets down into the tooth of the paper. The more the pencil gets into the tooth of the paper, the more paper is covered and the fewer “paper holes” show through the layer of color.
But Rice is using sharp pencils and is still having problems getting smooth, even layers of color.
The best way to get smooth color with colored pencils is by careful layering. It doesn’t matter what you’re drawing, or what pencils or paper you use. Draw each layer so carefully that the color needs little or no blending.
I mentioned above that I sometimes still get rough color. That’s because I draw until I get careless, tired, or lazy. When that happens, then I stop paying attention to the strokes I’m making and before I know it, I’ve got spotty, clumpy and uneven color.
So how to do you avoid this?
I’ve stopped pushing myself to work for an hour to two at a time. Short work sessions are the norm in my studio. Writing tutorials and blog posts helps because I draw a step, then describe it and either photograph or scan the artwork.
But you don’t have to write tutorials or scan your work step-by-step to keep work sessions short. Set a timer when you begin drawing. When it goes off, lay down that pencil and take a break.
Hatching is laying down lines side-by-side. Crosshatching is doing more than one layer of hatching strokes, but making the lines of each layer go in a different direction. The first layer is horizontal, the second layer is vertical, and so on.
Circular strokes are just what they sound like. Touch your pencil to paper, then start making tiny circles. You can work back and forth across an area, or work in a circular pattern. The reason so many artists recommend this stroke is that there is no beginning or end to the stroke.
Glazing happens when you use the side of your pencil to lay down a broader stroke. You can either hatch and crosshatch (as I did with the green sample,) or use a circular stroke.
You get the best coverage when you combine the type and direction of strokes from one layer to the next.
For the smoothest color, use light pressure through several layers. Each layer you add fills in the tooth of the paper more, creating steadily smoother color. Except for the darkest parts of the samples above, I used light pressure, but lots of layers.
What About the Paper or Pencils You Use?
I used Bristol Vellum paper for the illustrations for this post. I used light pressure, multiple layers, and different strokes.
And I still ended up with splotchy color in a few places. Some of it seemed to be flaws in the paper, while other problems seemed more likely to be the fault of the pencils.
I don’t know what type of pencils and paper Rice uses, but I wonder if the problem might be with the paper or pencils. The combination of paper and pencils might also result in uneven color. Some types of pencils simply work better on certain types of paper.
I tried my experiments on other types of paper and the results were much better. No splotchy color. No rough patches.
So if you end up with rough color no matter what strokes or layering methods you use, try different paper-and-pencil combinations.
Other Ways of Drawing Smooth Color
There are other options for getting smooth color, of course. Dry blending, solvent blending, and using mixed media are all good ways to draw smooth color, and I’ve used them all when needed.
But in my opinion, the absolute best way to produce smooth, even color is by paying attention to how you put color on the paper in the first place.
After all, the better you get at layering and controlling pressure, the smoother the results will be and the less you’ll need those other tools.